The Green Revolution marked a milestone in food production enabling the world to feed its growing population. However, as populations increase, and land and water become scarcer, natural production systems have become increasingly stressed and crop diversity has decreased.
- Finding ways to restore ecosystem services and maintain diversity while feeding the world is a challenging task and a new 3-year initiative, begun by the International Landscapes for People, Food and Nature, is looking at successful innovations around the world that may be sustainably scaled up.
- The initiative will consider how complex and diverse ecosystems can support increased production and is investigating the role of small-hold farmers – who collectively supply 1/3rd the world’s food requirement – in providing sustainable production.
- It is unlikely that the issue of food insecurity will be solved by a simple increase in food production. This is because the future of food production will need to integrate ecosystem and diversity protection.
Policy makers may need to support innovative bespoke solutions and these may include increased urban food production or an increase in local small-hold production.
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