- Air Fuel Synthesis, an English company, has begun producing gasoline (petrol) from air and water. The company’s process combines carbon dioxide and hydrogen to create synthetic gasoline. Electrolysis is used to separate water into hydrogen and oxygen and carbon capture technology is used to sequester CO2 out of the atmosphere.
- This process provides a carbon neutral product, much like plant-based and microbial methods of liquid fuel production.
- Current production in the laboratory produces five to ten litres of liquid fuel per day. The company aims to scale-up production by 2015. Uncertainties about the cost of carbon capture technology and the energy input per litre of gasoline produced are potential barriers to adoption.
Implications and next steps: If this technology proves economically viable it may be the way forward in terms of green fuel to power vehicles.